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Heel Pain: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Prevention

What is Heel Pain?

A painful heel can appear for no apparent reason and without history of trauma. The pain is described as sharp and usually worse first thing in the morning, gradually subsiding, then reoccurring at the end of the working day.

What causes Heel Pain?

Heel pain is often due to the inflammation of the surrounding soft tissue around the heel bone or the pulling away of the lining of the bone. Reductions in the pad of fat under the heel and the inability of the pad to resist compression are also considered to be import factors in heel pain.

The heel bone (calcaneus) is attached at the rear by the Achilles tendon and by a band of tendons, which are connected to the bottom front of the bone (plantar fascia). Because the plantar fascia and the Achilles tendon pull in 90º opposing directions, it is not uncommon for them to become inflamed causing Achilles tendonitis (inflammation of the Achilles tendon) and plantar fasciitis (inflammation of the plantar fascia).

If the foot abnormally over-pronates (rolling-in), the plantar fascia becomes very stretched and twisted as it tries to prevent the abnormal pronation. The extra stress can even lead to the pull of the lining of the bone at the point of attachment. The bone eventually begins to grow in the direction of the pull (to prevent the lining of the bone being pulled away from the bone). This condition is known as a Heel Spur and it will inevitably cause inflammation around the point of attachment.

Conditions that may cause Heel Pain:
Flat feet – Increased pronation causing plantar fasciitis.
High arch – Shortening of the plantar fascia, lack of shock absorption.
Bony feet – Heel pad decreases with age.
Active feet – jogging or hiking may lead to increased shock.

Treatment and prevention of Heel Pain

The treatment should consist of the reduction of the inflammation, the protection of any continuous trauma and the correction of the foot function.
• Ice massage - rubbing over the painful heel.
• Anti-inflammatory medication – Topical application or oral medication.
• Exercise – to stretch the ligaments.
• Strapping – To tape the foot in the correct position.
• Physiotherapy - Laser therapy and ultra sound to reduce inflammation.
• Injection of cortisone – Only in some severe and persistent cases.

This information is for guidance only. If you are in doubt at all, please consult your nearest health professional.

Products

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Silipos Achilles Heel Pad

Soft conforming gel pad protects the posterior of the heel from pressure, impact and friction. Provides gentle compression and dissipation of pressure around inflamed area. Effective in protecting against discomfort caused by ski boots, skates, cleats and other athletic foot wear and shoes and boots. Reduces pain caused by footwear pressure on irregular heel bumps.

£15.95

Silipos WonderSole Full Length Insoles

Helps relieve symptoms related to metatarsalgia, plantar fasciitis, fat pad atrophy, and arthritis. A full length insole anatomically designed to provide support to the metatarsals, arch and heel. Designed to reduce shock and vibration while providing even pressure distribution to the entire foot. The softer density coloured silicone gel areas provide additional cushioning to sensitive areas.

£19.95

Silipos Heel/Elbow Slipover

Versatile mineral oil gel pad can be positioned almost anywhere around the heel or elbow. Aids in the healing and skin conditioning of dry cracked heels and elbows. Effective in helping to prevent heel and elbow ulcerations.

£14.95

Silipos Soft Skin Heel Sleeve

Thin gel pad anatomically molded to fit the heel. Designed to moisturise and soften dry, cracked skin and help to reduce heel fissures. Beneficial for dermatitis and eczema.

£13.95

Silipos Full Length Gel Insole

Dual density silicone gel insole absorbs shock under high pressure areas while supporting the rest of the foot and relieves heel, arch and forefoot pain.

£19.95

Silipos 3/4 Length Gel Insole

Soft dual density silicone gel insole provides shock absorbtion and pressure relief to sensitive areas. Relief for heel, ankle, knee and back. Supportive arch provides superior comfort and control of the rear and mid-foot areas.

£15.99

Silipos Heel Spur with Removable Plug

Relief for heel, ankle, knee and back. Soft silicone heel cushion with removable plug. Wear with plug as comfortable heel pad, or wear without plug for heel relief and protection around the heel spur.

£11.95

Silipos Arthritic/Diabetic Gel Sock

More colors available

Single layer sock with 1/16" (2mm) of gel throughout the sole. Helps reduce friction, abrasion, shear forces and callus formation. Also helps to prevent foot ulcerations.

£15.60

Silipos Gel Silopad Soft Sock

Double layer sock with 1/4” (6mm) of gel throughout the sole. Excellent for any condition that requires a soft, friction absorbing foot bed.

£38.95

Silipos WonderSport Green Dot 3/4 Sport Insoles

A 3/4 sport insole with moulded heel support. Designed to reduce shock and vibration and give relief to ligaments, muscles and tendons under excessive athletic or other loading conditions. Protects heel, arch and metatarsal.

£19.95

Silipos WonderCup Red Dot Heel Cushions

Silipos wondercup red dot consists of two different densities of silicone for heel and back discomfort. The heel cup provides excellent relief from pain throughout the heel, and aids in bursitis, achilles tendonitis, pressure ulcers and plantar fasciitis.

£25.00

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