Golf is a sport where flexibility of the shoulders and hips is very important, it is also necessary that the feet should move to the extreme in an inward and outward direction meaning suceptibility to foot injury.
It is the repeated action of swinging the golf club that overextends the big toe joint on the back foot and may lead to a condition whereby the big toe joint is affected and becomes restricted in movement. If left untreated, the condition may become painful and arthritis may set in the big toe.
Another foot problem that is common in golfers is ball of foot pain due to poorly located shoe spikes which may cause swellling or a neuroma whereby inflammation of the covering of the nerve that runs between the third and forth toes causes pain and some numbness may be present.
Golfers walk many miles, and as such excessive pressure and friction may lead to the development of corns and foot calluses.
Injuries and discomfort can be reduced by the use of orthotics to maintain the foot in its correct biomechanical position. Also by wearing shoes with a leather upper which takes the shape of the foot and a rubber sole with low profile soft spikes for increased grip and protection. Golf socks provide good cushioning to the heel and toe area and allow good air circulation.